DR Congo: Roots of Crisis in the Kivu Region

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The Eastern Congo(drc) has lived the worse humanitarian scenarios in the country soon after independance of Congo(drc) on 30 June 1960. Soon after independence inhabitants were all entitled to freely participate in the management of the region and decide on their destiny. However it was not for long as discrimination, exclusion , ethnicism, regionalism (civil and human rights violations) arose. These violations were mostly manifested and resulted in the “kanyarwanda massacres”.

In 1962-1966: The kanyarwanda massacres… the Abahutu people were attacked by the other ethnics in North-Kivu with the intention to force them out of the Congo-DRC accross the rwanda-ugandan border. The word “ka” is a word added to another word expressing and meaning “small””little””no value””insignificant”. “nyarwanda” simply means ” related to rwanda;in this case it meant “native of Rwanda”. The Abahutu people not only were being discriminated but also were being forced to leave their homes, propreties,land and all their investiments. Many died and the survival strived in very harsh and discriminative environment under the 30 years Mobutu-dictatorship era.

In 1971-the Abahutu people were stripped off their ultimate right, the right to citizenship. President Mobutu signed a presidential ordonance stripping off citizenship to Abahutu(congolese bahutu). Every “Umuhutu” (word-in-singular meaning “Abahutu or congolese hutu) was no longer a zairean(actual congolese)! The consequences of such a decision are unmeasurable as the peasants and elite class of the Abahutu faced the tragedic unknown face of the Mobutu’s regime. The Abahutu had no right to the land anymore! They had to vacate or pay regularly land rights to the “other local “non muhutu mwami”(non-muhutu king). On top of this they had to pay the regular state taxes! No other ethnic faced such a treatment in the Kivu region! The Mobutu law on the nationality and these specific taxes were released and directed specifically to and solely to the bahutu people in the Eastern DRC.

With the era of multiple political parties in Zaire ( the actual Congo-drc) in 1990, the Bahutu fought back democratically to regain their rights. The Abahutu managed to secure few voices in the National souvereign conference and the Mobutu law about the nationality stripping off zairean-congolese citizenship the Abahutu was discussed.This discussion in the CNS arose tensions and the Abahutu people were attacked again like in 1962-1966 with the intention to force them out of the DRC. They were subsequently killed, tortured and massacred just as democracy was booming out in Zaire ( actual Congo-drc).Mr “Ibuka”, wrote the “core-date” and says what happened on the 20 Mars 1993 will remain pegged in his memories!

On the 20 March 1993, the untold took off.The Abahutu were caught up some in their homes, others in the churches in the district of Walikale and Masisi and were cruelly killed and massacred.It was not possible to cross the “nyaripi river”. The assaillants were there waiting for the Abahutu at the 2 cord traditional bridge in the inside jungle of Walikale and Katoyi.

In 1994 the Abahutu witnessed the death of thousands of thousands of the Rwandan Hutus refugees as the latter fled the RPF-led Government in Rwanda.

Meanwhile the killings and massacres of the Abahutu that took off in 1993 continued.

In 1996 the Rwanda-Burundi-Uganda RPF-AFDL supported rebellion fighting to destroy the rwandese Hutus refugee camps in the eastern Congo(drc) and to topple president Mobutu cleansed villages of Abahutu in its warrior campains. Peasant civilians had to leave in bushes to survive…

This is a turning point in the lasting peace in the DRC.Laurent Kabila playing the “machiavelic political games” officially imported the Rwandan conflicts into the DRC. RPF-Rwanda Patriotic Forces had not only control over Kinshasa but also over the entire Kivu region. The UN Human Rights Commission organized a comittee to look into the reported genocide in the DRC. Roberto Garreton led the commission in the mission. The reports of the commission still lie in the offices somewhere at UN Headquarters. RPF (Rwanda) had time to dig out and burn up all corpes or carry the skeleton and skulls accross the border into Rwanda and stocked in its museum[remember that is needed in that country!…to prove that people died in 1994! following assassination of the rwandan hutu President Habyarimana by RPF (at all Juge Buguiere)].

President Laurent Kabila seized power and his son Joseph Kabila took power in 2001 following the abrupt assassination of his father.President Kabila has now been elected democratically to power in October 2006. But today what occurs in Congo in general and Eastern Congo- DRC in particular is appalling and extremely distressfull.

The ABahutu ( Congolese Hutus) are still being massacred, marginalized, exluded from the North-Kivu provincial and Congo(drc) national responsabilities.The CNDP rebel-leader -allegedly backed by Rwandan national army daily torture, kill and massacre the Abahutu. And yet the country is now in democracy,,, and yet the country has now an army and police to defend its citizens… However the congolese governement and president Joseph Kabila’s ideology seems paradoxal.

Paradoxal! Why the congolese government supported the CNDP to fight the alleged FDLR-Forces democratiques pour la liberation du rwanda ( a virtual armed organization) 2 years ago. This led to massacres of multitudes of civilians in the Congo. The war load leadership was said to be captured and taken to court for his wide scale “Charles Taylor like” mass killings. The rebel forces refused to leave eastern DRC and continued to massacre the Abahutu people. The congolese government continued to support such crimes. Until when the UN peacekeeping missions raised the alarm of a mare genocide against the Abahutu going on in the Eastern DRC. The congolese governement then decided to stop the war campaign against the virtual FDLR( Quid? does it really exist in the Eastern DRC? How old would be a child born when rwandan hutu refugee exiled into Zaire? He would be 14 years old). Today the survivals of the genocide committed against the congolese Abahutu are concentrated in camps commonly called I”DP-Internally Displaced People”. It will take an embargo against the supporters of the rebels in Eastern DRC to halt the massacres of innocent civilians, “child soldier” abuse and rape against women.

It appears Congolese Abahutu ethnic are being hunted down. When One race is being hunted down by another race, is this genocide or not? A state releasing a law directed to stripping off citizenship a certain ethnic of the nation, is this racism, apartheid, discrimination, ethnicism, regionalism, nepotism, or it’s just ” mere politics”? The greek Platon would tell more.

Reporter Correspondent

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