The Democratic Republic of Congo experienced a moment when it launched a program of demobilization and reintegration of combatants in the various rebel movements and national armed groups. Demobilized people have returned to their native villages for inclusion in socio-economic activities. Unfortunately, in the absence of support and professional coaching strategies for these demobilized people, they are still attracted to recovering weapons in search of means of survival. For reasons of political positioning, some notables of the region find themselves in a situation where they recover the demobilized people to constitute self-defense militias against the foreign enemy. Unfortunately, they are not able to meet their needs. This is why they are directing them to the illegal exploitation of natural resources.
Answering the question of where these armed groups are sourcing, it should be noted that these armed groups are financed from the resources of the Virunga National Park including: Through the illegal trade in ivory and meat from bush resulting from the slaughter of large mammals (elephants, buffaloes, hippopotamuses, warthogs, antelopes, …), by the illegal fishing and destructive of the halieutic resources especially the beach seine, the tam-tam, …; By the imposition of payment of 10,000 Congolese Francs per week and per fishing canoe to legal fishermen. By the purchase of outboard engines valued at US $ 100 per engine; By looting the production of fishermen caught on the lake.
It should be noted that the person responsible for each legal fishing boat is obliged to pay 10,000 Congolese Francs each week to avoid falling victim to arrest or torture by MayMay. It happens sometimes that the engines of regular fishermen holding May-May chips are stopped despite the payment of their chips. Doing a simple exercise of calculations on 3000 operational canoes on the waters of Lake Edward, we note that each May May May are able to mobilize 30 000 000 Congolese Francs (US $ 23 077 per week, US $ 92 308 per month) ). Here, it must be said that at the present stage, the May May do the following with this regular financing: The payment of their elements of a balance of 40 000 Congolese Frans each month; The recruitment of military experts for training troops and learning the use of heavy weapons. This situation was aggravated by the abandonment by ICCN (Congolese Institute for Nature Conservation) of patrol posts around Lake Edward in the Virunga National Park (PNVi).
Other means of supply
It should be noted that, in the field, maymay organize assaults on military positions in the Rutshuru and Lubero territories where they recover weapons and ammunition to build a stock of weapons. To date, they are in possession of heavy weapons such as the rocket launcher, machine guns, mortars, … In addition, a smuggling is noted between May May and Ugandans for the supply of ammunition to their weapons especially the model AK 47